From OPB's Earthfix, November 21, 2012
By Amelia Templeton
Here's a link to the article with audio.
FOSSIL, Ore. — When you walk into Kendall Derby’s mill, the first thing you notice is the smell. It’s sharp and evergreen, like the high desert after a rain. But Derby doesn’t notice the smell of juniper.
"People walk in here and they say oh, I love the smell. And I don’t have a sense of smell. Born without it. Never smelled it,” he laughs.
Derby runs In The Sticks sawmill on the outskirts of Fossil. It’s a mill dedicated to the bushy, short juniper tree.
Juniper boards and fence posts are stacked to the ceiling in a small warehouse and thick slabs with raw bark edges lean against the wall. Beetles have carved a filigree pattern into one of the slabs. Derby says he’ll sell it as a bench or a bar top.
“The target beast is one-by-six, two-by-six, six-by-six, different square lumber. But after you break a round log into square sticks you end up creating other stuff,” he says.
Derby wears suspenders and as he works he’s followed around by a friend’s yellow lab. He gets excited talking about the advantages of juniper. It has a fine, tight grain. For years ranchers have used it to make fence posts because it naturally resists decay. Best of all, it’s local and sustainably harvested.
“We’ve got millions of acres of this stuff. It’s not imported from Brazil, it’s not imported from Malaysia. It’s ours.”
Eastern Oregon has a juniper problem. Scientists say juniper have expanded their range in the high desert 10 fold since the 1870s.
“They’re not a weed, they’re a native plant that expanded beyond their historic range,” explains Brent Fenty, Executive Director of the Oregon Natural Desert Association. He says settlers inadvertently helped juniper to grow by putting out range fires and introducing hungry cattle.
“They’re not eating juniper, and that’s giving those juniper a competitive advantage into disturbed areas, where all those grasses are being eaten,” he says.
Fenty says small, scattered stands of juniper can provide shelter for deer and antelope and food for foraging birds, but in too many places, shrub steppe is switching into woodland.
That’s a problem in a landscape that gets barely more than a foot of rainfall a year.
Researchers have found that on a hot day, juniper trees with deep taproots can consume twenty-five gallons of water, although most juniper in eastern Oregon are getting by on much less.
See Juniper Country
Oregon Field Guide documented some of the original juniper research on the late Doc Hatfield’s ranch in this video.
The juniper’s thirst draws down streams and leaves less water for wildlife and native grasses. It’s a problem caught the eye of Martin Goebel, president of Sustainable Northwest.
“It is beginning to have a real water desiccating effect in the high desert of Oregon,” he says.
Goebel saw an opportunity for an environmental and economic win-win. Cutting juniper could help restore the shrub steppe grassland and create jobs. So he went to lumber wholesalers in Portland, asked them if they’d be willing to stock local, sustainable juniper.
“And most of the large warehouses said, ‘Oh, too small. Eh, we don’t really know those suppliers. mmn… too nitchy,’” Goebel says.
So the conservation organization opened its own for-profit warehouse in Portland, Sustainable Northwest Wood, to help people like Kendall Derby find a market for local sustainable wood.
Creating that new market hasn’t been easy. Juniper trees are generally short and knotty so Goebel says the key has been developing the right products — shavings for pets, posts for signs and fences. Portland company Neil Kelly Cabinet is experimenting with fine juniper cabinetry.
“It’s a challenging wood. It’s not that easy to love. It’s a tough love,” says Kendall Derby. His best customers are Portland gardeners who buy his chemical-free wood to build raised beds and planter boxes.
“See, the market is still trying to figure out what can work. Production-wise, sales wise, price wise,” he says.
There are supply challenges, too. Juniper often grows in remote areas with poor road access. And it can take forty or fifty stubby trees to fill up the back of a log truck. As a result, the wood is expensive to harvest and likely to remain a exotic product produced by small operations like In The Sticks, which has sold about 80 thousand board feet this year.
Oregon Gov. John Kitzhaber recently created an Oregon Solutions task force for juniper, to looking for ways to build a better supply chain, and to attract investors to the market.
Derby says business is still slow. He’s sunk his inheritance and his retirement savings into the mill and he isn’t making money yet. He says he feels a bit like the first person who brought a cow back to a cave and tried to milk it. But Derby is optimistic the market for juniper wood will grow.
“My dream is to have four or five guys here working. That’s four or five not minimum wage jobs. In a town of four hundred people that matters,” he says.
And Derby says it’s worth it, to be producing a product that doesn’t have environmental baggage attached, that helps restore the high desert landscape he loves.
Behind the mill, there’s a slope he cleared of juniper a couple years ago. Now the native grasses are so thick he feels like rolling in them.
One of the reasons the Ace Hotel is so enduringly cool is its commitment to sustainability. Case in point: The enhancements being made to guest rooms in the downtown Portland hotel.
Custom woodwork is being crafted in-house to add texture and warmth--and a little storage and privacy--to the rooms.
The folks at the Ace are using fir that is locally harvested and FSC 100%, but its story goes much deeper than that: It is part of an oak grove restoration project being undertaken by Sarah Deumling at Zena Forest, just west of Salem.
The fir is being cleared from the forest to allow neighboring oak trees to grow to their full potential. The fir and the oak took root at the same time, about 50 to 60 years ago, when the cleared pasture was allowed to revert back to its preferred wooded state. Fir grows much faster than oak, however, and the fir trees are shading out the oaks and, ultimately, killing them.
By selectively harvesting the fir and leaving the oaks to grow, Deumling is ensuring a continual supply of valuable hardwood lumber for her family to mill decades down the road while preserving endangered oak habitat -- a far-sighted plan that is far too uncommon in forest management.
In true Zena style, the harvest of the fir is being undertaken with the utmost care. Logs are pulled from the woods in a way that minimizes damage to the understory and deliberately preserves the integrity of the soil.
As the logging progresses, the forest canopy opens up, allowing ample rays of sunlight to reach the oaks for the first time in decades (see photo at left). And with the exception of the scattered stumps remaining in the soil, it is hard to tell that logging has even occurred: The forest is still lush, green, and rife with life.
A Bit About Oak
Oregon White Oak is native to the Willamette Valley and historically was the most common species of tree found in the area. It prefers the open grassland savannahs that were cultivated by Native Americans with frequent-but-small fires.
After settlement, however, oak began to decline as groves were cleared to make way for pasture and cropland, and then plantations of Douglas fir. Today it remains in only about 5% of its historical range. Its current biggest threat is the conversion of woodland to other land uses including vineyards and housing developments.
Oregon White Oak's hardwood is beautiful and durable, but Oregonians have had a preference for importing oak from the East Coast for flooring and furniture. As a result, the millions of local oak trees cleared during the conversion of the native forest to more profitable uses resulted in oak being viewed as a "trash tree," and most frequently "dumped down the canyon," as the local saying goes, or sent to chip yards.
Zena Forest and other modern-day pioneers of sustainable forestry are working to change that view and encourage the cultivation and local use of Oregon White Oak. Through the creation of a market for the wood, foresters and landowners in the Willamette Valley are encouraged to preserve existing trees and plant new ones.
Photo at right: A mature Oregon White Oak stretches its limbs in the sun at Zena Forest.
From Residential Architect, September/October 2012
by Kim A. O'Connell
Here is the link to the article.
On a scenic green hill in Portland, Ore., a new house represents the next generation of sustainability—and a new opportunity for architects working in the region. Called the Full Plane Passive House, the nearly 2,000-square-foot residence includes, among other sustainable features, an airtight envelope that allows the house to be heated through passive solar gain and limited reliance on an active heating source. The house also contains a significant percentage of sustainably managed wood products, sourced through a subsidiary of the nonprofit organization Sustainable Northwest.
Based in Portland, Sustainable Northwest works with policymakers, builders, designers, residents, and other organizations to foster improved land management and sustainable development throughout the rural West. The organization has been active in several environmental arenas, particularly with regard to fostering collaborations across the urban-rural divide. Sustainable Northwest was actively involved, for instance, in the long and complex effort that resulted in an agreement to remove four dams from the Klamath River on the Oregon-California border.
Sustainable Northwest Wood is the organization’s for-profit subsidiary, which operates as a wholesale lumberyard connecting local mills with green-building opportunities. The company fills a niche in a region that has long been at the forefront of sustainability, but faces ongoing challenges with regard to sustainable wood. Large lumber companies have asserted that limited marketplace demand for sustainably harvested wood has kept costs too high to justify third-party certification through such entities as the Forest Stewardship Council. And reports have confirmed that sustainable and locally grown certified wood products can cost up to 25 percent more than standard lumber.
By increasing awareness and demand, and by promoting small eco-minded landowners and wood providers, Sustainable Northwest and its subsidiary are hoping to make the supply chain more efficient and cost-effective. To do this, the organization has been reaching out to area architects through tours, talks, and other events to help them learn how locally harvested and third-party certified wood can be incorporated into their designs.
“The challenge for so many architects with FSC wood is sourcing high-quality wood that is timely and affordable at both the commercial and residential scales,” says Clark Brockman, AIA, principal for sustainability at Portland’s SERA Architects. “Without Sustainable Northwest, we had small architectural firms spending many, many hours on the phone searching for these products. Through Sustainable Northwest’s centralizing role, the industry is seeing improved quality and reduced sourcing time.” Last year, Brockman participated in a roundtable discussion hosted by Sustainable Northwest Wood on sourcing and using certified wood products.
Recently, Sustainable Northwest worked closely with Portland-based Departure: Architecture Planning Interiors and JRA Green Building, the architect and general contractor, respectively, on the Full Plane Passive House (named for a sailing term). “By collaborating with the architect and the general contractor during the design phase, we were able to help them understand the wood selection process and design the home for the maximum cost and resource efficiency, reducing materials costs while increasing the project’s green credibility,” says K.C. Eisenberg, director of sales for Sustainable Northwest Wood. “All of the wood in this home, from the framing and plywood to the flooring, trim, cabinetry, and doors, was sourced from sustainably managed local forests.”
Eisenberg says that the organization wants to work with architects to broaden their knowledge of sustainably harvested wood products and building materials. Available products include pressure-treated lumber, plywood, architectural hardwood panels, and pre-primed trim, among others. “Restorative products include juniper that is harvested through grassland restoration efforts, as well as fir, cedar, and pine that are harvested during forest thinning projects like those facilitated by Sustainable Northwest,” Eisenberg says.
Departure: Architecture Planning Interiors worked with Sustainable Northwest Wood’s availability. “We wanted to use their dimensional lumber, which was limited to 2x14 for roof framing, so we worked with our engineer to arrive at a straightforward design that worked to that lumber’s capacity,” says Departure principal Michelle Jeresek, who managed this project. “For finished wood, we would visit Sustainable Northwest with our client to review the available species and learn more, like where the wood was sourced. ... We have so many terrific local species to choose from, there’s no need to source from elsewhere. Using locally sourced wood also complements the design, adding to its ‘sense of place.’”
Specifying locally sourced wood also promotes the economy, of which architects are direct beneficiaries, proponents say. “Instead of the profit being shipped out of town into the larders of a large corporation with typically questionable environmental practices,” says Eisenberg, “it stays within the community, strengthens the local economy, and ultimately comes right back to the architect.”
Portlanders go to great lengths to enjoy fresh, local food from responsible producers.
Increasingly, we're also demanding that the spaces in which we dine live up to these values. And Portland's restaurateurs seem happy to oblige!
From the Pearl to Hawthorne, from deep in the Ace to under the Wonder Ballroom, new restaurants are cropping up that spotlight locally-harvested wood from Sustainable Northwest Wood.
Here are a few that opened recently or are opening soon. Be sure to stop in, ogle the exceptional wood, and enjoy the delectable fare!
- Streetcar Bistro (Campground Blue Pine paneling and live-edge slabs, Restoration Juniper tables)
- Lardo (FSC Doug fir)
- Pepe le Moko (FSC Doug fir)
- Trigger (FSC Doug fir, FSC Western Red Cedar)
- Ava Genes (FSC Doug fir)
- Lauretta Jean's (Campground Blue Pine live-edge slabs)
- Hokusei (FSC Doug fir)
Is it just a coincidence that so many of these well-appointed eateries made it onto Portland Monthly's list of Best Restaurants 2012? Pick up the November issue to see the full list.
Photo, above: Lardo, on SE 12th Ave and Hawthorne, was designed by Shannon Quimby and built by Tim Mencer. It spotlights FSC Douglas fir throughout the interior.
Photos, below: The Streetcar Bistro, at Northrup and NW 11th Avenue, showcases our Campground Blue Pine paneling throughout the space. Builders Modern Organic made it look, well, modern, a most refreshing way to express blue pine beyond the cliche lodge look. The bistro also features remarkable live-edge blue pine and juniper tables built by FP Design.
What goes better with the sleek lines of an iPad than a rustic chunk of live-edge wood?
Based on the work of the fellows at Block & Sons, nothing! These Portland crafters sculpt beautiful stands for iPads out of local, sustainable wood, which are then finished traditionally with linseed oil and beeswax.
We love the juxtaposition of the uber-modern device nestled into the wild lines of the blocks.
The blocks can be purchased via the Block & Sons website, Portland shop Beam & Anchor, and other fine boutiques around the country.
Here's a photo of the juniper stand:
Autumn always reminds us of the generosity of our region's agricultural lands through the bounty of our crops and the promise of nourishment through the winter.
The forests surrounding our cities are no different: They generously provide the wood for building our shelters and keeping us warm and protected through the colder seasons.
This is why we are pleased to introduce new Oregon Hardwood Butcher Block counter tops made from sustainably harvested local hardwoods!
By sourcing our wood from salvage sources and respectful, small-scale harvesting, we are paying our respects to the forests that sustain life for so many species, humans included.
Now available in:
- Madrone (Salvaged, Central Point)
- FSC Big Leaf Maple (Hyla Woods, Gaston)
- Oregon White Oak (Zena Forest, Rickreall)
- FSC Doug Fir (Zigzag Doug Fir, Zigzag)
Our Oregon Hardwood Butcher Blocks are:
- In stock and ready for installation
- Kiln-dried, solid hardwood
- Made from FDA-approved adhesives
- 1 1/2" x 26 1/2", ready to be trimmed to fit your space
- Lengths up to 10'
- Custom dimensions available
Photos, from top: Oregon White Oak butcher block features a unique grain pattern reminiscent of wine country; a Madrone butcher block counter top provides a perfect warm dining surface at a restaurant in Portland.
In celebration of buidling of what might be the greenest ship ever attempted, the Educational Tall Ship Program and Sustainable Northwest hosted a day in San Francisco Bay aboard their current floating classroom.
As the 4-masted boat exited Richardson Bay, a brisk wind blew under the Golden Gate Bridge keeling the boat over. Its cargo of green architects, Bay Area philanthropists, and leading sustainability thinkers grabbed on to whatever they could. While rounding Alcatraz island passengers learned about the good work of ETS to provide environmental education to Bay Area youth. Being a team that walks its talk, they have purchased Sustainable Northwest Wood's Oregon White Oak for their new boat, which is aspiring to meet the Living Building Challenge.
Safely back in harbor we bid our shipmates farewell, but hope that we will hear from them again soon.
When the team at Educational Tall Ship set out to build the world's most sustainable ship, they knew they'd need a boatload of wood. And because of their mission and the purpose of the ship, it had to come from sources that would earn their approval, meeting all three criteria of the triple bottom line.
A call to Sustainable Northwest Wood was the natural next step.
We partnered with Edaucational Tall Ship to provide locally grown Oregon White Oak, which is being used throughout the ship for planking butt blocks, rails, rigging parts, hatches, interior doors and furniture, the rudder, and other places that need a durable hardwood.
Oregon White Oak is an indigenous species that spreads its roots from Northern California through Oregon, Washington, and into British Columbia. Unfortunately, it is not a high-value species in the eyes of most landowners, and the vast majority of the oak population has been destroyed since settlement of the area, replaced first with pasture and more recently with Douglas Fir plantations. Only 5% of the original oak population remains in Oregon.
Today's crop du jour, grapes, is the latest land use trend to pose a threat to Oregon White Oak's survival as ever more forest is cleared to make way for agriculture (photo at right).
Sustainable Northwest Wood is working to build a market and commercial value for Oregon White Oak, which will encourage landowners to preserve their existing oak stands and, hopefully, replant this magificent species when Douglas fir plantations are cut. Oak habitat is critical for many species in the Willamette Valley, including Fender's blue butterfly (photo at left), Kincaid's lupine, and the Willamette daisy, each of which are listed as endangered.
Much of the oak used in the Educational Tall Ship was sourced from Zena Forest Products in Rickreall, an FSC certified, family owned forest and mill that cultivates oak to ensure its survival and success on their lands. Some of the oak was also salvaged from chip yards, where most oak ends up once it has been cleared from land that is transitioning into other uses because it is commonly and mistakenly perceived to have no value.
Photo at right: Educational Tall Ship's executive director, Alan Olson, meets with Ben and Sarah Deumling, the owners and managers of Zena Forest, to see first-hand where the oak was sourced.
We are proud to see our local oak going into exciting projects like the Educational Tall Ship, where this most valuable resource will provide many decades of beauty and performance.
The Educational Tall Ship is a groundbreaking project that will be the first wooden ship of this size built in San Francisco in nearly 100 years. She will be 100 feet long on deck and have a 25 foot beam. In addition to careful sourcing of materials, the ship is also being built with an eye toward energy efficiency: She will meet her own energy needs through regenerative power technologies.
Instead of diesel engines, the ship is propelled by DC electric motors directly connected to the propeller shafts and drawing energy from large battery banks. When the ship is sailing, the propellers will rotate by the energy of the passing water causing the electric motors to become generators. Significant electrical energy is created as sailing speeds increase. Energy self-sufficiency can be achieved by producing and storing enough energy from just four to six hours of sailing.
The design team's goal is to combine appropriate technologies from the 19th and 21st centuries - skipping over the petroleum era - and craft a ship that will be unique teaching tool to inspire appreciation for past designs, innovative solutions and address the long-range consequences of dated technologies to build a world with a more sustainable future.
Click here to learn more about this innovative project.
To celebrate this promising partnership, Sustainable Northwest Wood and Educational Tall Ship are co-hosting a sailing trip on an existing ship. This adventure is for Bay area green building professionals who wish to learn more about sustainable wood procurement. Join us for an evening voyage along the waterfront and around the beautiful sites of San Francisco Bay.
Saturday, September 21, 2012 from 5pm to 8pm
RSVP by September 7th.
Click here for more information.
When you're visiting this year's Street of Dreams, be sure to look up! Our Campground Blue Pine adds a fresh layer of texture and color to the ceilings in the "Oregon Dream" home on this year's tour. The paneling was used in the home's study and master bedroom, where it was paired with sophisticated tones of blue and gray for an elegant, polished aesthetic.
The home also features Restoration Juniper fireplace mantles. The home's builders, Stone Bridge Homes, opted to leave the slabs in their natural state with the bark still attached for an authentic, untouched look. Again, the effect is elegance, especially when paired with the home's carefully curated art and furniture.
The home was designed by Skyline Homes and the interiors were composed by Lisa Shipley at Imagine Home Staging.
When most folks think of blue pine, the image conjured in their heads is a rustic mountain cabin replete with deer heads on the walls and Adirondack-style furniture in every room.
So it's refreshing that the design team behind this project interpreted blue pine's distinctive look in a totally different way. The floors in this home are 12" wide planks of blue pine. When paired with the home's simple white walls, glass tile backsplash, and modern light fixtures, the results are crisp, clean, modern lines. We love it!
This gorgeous home is a gut remodel in Southeast Portland recently completed by JRA Green Building, which in addition to the striking blue pine floors also features FSC cedar siding and decking and fantastic energy upgrades. Potential homeowners may enjoy knowing it's on the market!